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基于学生生理尺寸对座椅舒适性的研究

发表时间:2008-02-28  浏览量:2623  下载量:1324
全部作者: 何建东,朱红青
作者单位: 中国矿业大学(北京)资源与安全工程学院
摘 要: 为适应生活舒适化方向发展的趋势,本研究基于坐姿下静态舒适性的生理学机理,对学生坐姿和体压分布进行了较深入分析。总结出舒适坐姿对座椅设计的两个要求:一要保持脊柱正常的生理弯曲;二要保证全身肌肉放松和血液正常循环。提出了舒适座椅的设计需保持人体在直立状态时其脊椎的S 形曲线。根据安人机学原理,这样可以最大程度上减少脊柱负重,不易疲劳。最后结合大学生生理实验数据,分析了学生座椅的结构形式,及适合人体特征舒适性的座椅结构几何参数,得出了学生座椅设计参数与人体身高的关系。对设计者在学生座椅设计时参数的确定具有一定的指导意义。
关 键 词: 安全技术及工程;人体生理;学生座椅;设计参数;舒适性
Title: Research on comfortable tablet chair based on students’ physiological measure
Author: HE Jiandong, ZHU Hongqing
Organization: School of Resources & Safety Engineering, China University of Mining & Technology Beijing
Abstract: For adapting to the trend of the comfortable development, this paper analyses structure of tablet chair and geometry parameter of students comfortable character based on static seat pose of physiology theory. The press distribution to the student sitting posture and the body to carry on the thorough were analyzed. It summarizes two requests of the chair design of the comfortable sitting posture to: The spinal column normal physiology should be curving; another is that the whole body muscles relax and the blood normal cycle. Then proposed that the comfortable chair's design must maintain the human body when stands erect the condition his/her vertebra's S shape curve. According to the Security man-machine principle, that may reduce the spinal column in the greatest degree like this to carry a heavy load, not easy weary. Finally using university students physiology empirical datum, it excogitates the relation between stature and geometry parameter of tablet chair. It provides the geometry parameter of tablet chair structure for stylists.
Key words: safety technology & engineering; physiology; students’chair; parameter; comfortable
发表期数: 2008年6月第4期
引用格式: 何建东,朱红青. 基于学生生理尺寸对座椅舒适性的研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2008,1(4):399-404.
 
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