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国内外区域地面沉降研究现状

发表时间:2010-08-31  浏览量:2066  下载量:653
全部作者: 刘峰,黄张裕,陈西强
作者单位: 河海大学地球科学与工程学院
摘 要: 区域地面沉降是一种全球普遍存在的环境地质灾害,主要由地下水开采过度引起。在分析与研究国内外地面沉降相关文献的基础上,分别从地面沉降成因机理、地面沉降监测技术、地面沉降模拟预测模型以及地面沉降防治措施4个方面系统阐述了当前国内外地面沉降研究的现状与成果,并指出需要加强其他次要因素导致地面沉降的机理与模型研究。
关 键 词: 大地测量学与测量工程;地面沉降;综述;地下水;有效应力;合成孔径雷达干涉测量
Title: The current research state of regional land subsidence at home and abroad
Author: LIU Feng, HUANG Zhangyu, CHEN Xiqiang
Organization: College of Geoscience and Engineering, Hohai University
Abstract: Regional land subsidence existing in many places around the world is recognized to be an environmental geological hazard, which is mainly induced by excessive groundwater exploitation. Based on analysis and research of related papers on regional land subsidence at home and abroad, this paper provides a systematic summary of current situation and achievement of regional land subsidence at home and abroad, respectively from the following four aspects, ranging from the genetic mechanism, subsidence detection, prediction model, and control measures. In addition, it is pointed out that mechanisms and models of regional land subsidence caused by other secondary factors need to be strengthened.
Key words: geodesy and survey engineering; land subsidence; reviews; groundwater; effective stress; intrferometric synthetic aperture radar
发表期数: 2010年8月第16期
引用格式: 刘峰,黄张裕,陈西强. 国内外区域地面沉降研究现状[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2010,3(16):1631-1640.
 
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