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CDM-AR项目环境和社会经济影响的可持续性研究

发表时间:2011-10-15  浏览量:1389  下载量:569
全部作者: 武曙红,王爽
作者单位: 北京林业大学自然保护区学院
摘 要: 在调研与清洁发展机制造林/再造林(clean development mechanism-afforestation/reforestation,CDM-AR)项目环境和社会经济影响评价有关的国际条约和相关规定等文献的基础上,从项目活动潜在的环境和社会经济影响两方面对项目产生影响的可持续性进行分析。结果表明:项目环境影响的可持续性取决于开发商是否制定并实施与气候、生物多样性等效益相关的监测计划;项目社会经济影响的可持续性取决于项目所在区域的利益相关群体是否参与了项目设计、开发和管理全过程,以及社区居民是否从项目中获得了尽可能多的效益。由此,提出能够为项目管理者和相关政策决策者提供判断CDM-AR项目对我国可持续发展促进效果的CDM-AR环境和社会经济影响可持续性评价方法。
关 键 词: 森林培育;清洁发展机制;林业碳汇;环境影响;社会经济影响;可持续发展
Title: Study on sustainability for environmental and socio-economic impacts of CDM-AR projects activities
Author: WU Shuhong, WANG Shuang
Organization: College of Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University
Abstract: Sustainability of environmental and socio-economic impacts from afforestation and reforestation projects under clean development mechanism (CDM) was analyzed based on investigating documents relating to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and national policies from the angle of the potential environmental and socio-economic impacts of project activities in project areas. The result showed that the sustainability of environmental impacts depends on if the project developer have make out and practice monitoring plans which benefits conservation for biodiversity and climate in project areas. The sustainability of socio-economic impacts depends on whether the stakeholders have participated in design, development and management of the project, and whether their benefits from the project are as more as possible. Evaluation tool for sustainability of environmental and socio-economic impacts of CDM-AR project activities was proposed in this paper, which will help policymaker assess effects that project boosts sustainable development in China.
Key words: silviculture; clean development mechanism; forestry carbon sink; environmental impact; socio-economic impact; sustainable development
发表期数: 2011年10月第19期
引用格式: 武曙红,王爽. CDM-AR项目环境和社会经济影响的可持续性研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2011,4(19):1781-1785.
 
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