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影响我国居民健康素养因素的综合分析

发表时间:2015-06-15  浏览量:1671  下载量:695
全部作者: 杜瑞卿,许琳,白旭东
作者单位: 河南南阳师范学院生命科学与技术学院;广西壮族自治区疾病预防控制中心;广西医科大学基础医学院
摘 要: 目的:揭示影响我国居民健康素养(health literacy)的主要因素和重要因素,提高居民的健康素养水平。方法:以卫生部2009年公布的中国居民健康素养调查报告为资料,按全国、城市、农村和东中西部4个方面,分别对健康素养、基本知识和理念、健康生活方式与行为及基本技术4个指标的频数采用餭2检验,比率采用两样本比率检验法和判别分析法。结果:城市居民健康素养综合水平显著高于农村(P<0.01);农村年龄是显著影响因素(P<0.01);性别是居民健康素养综合水平的显著影响因素(P<0.01);文化程度是重要的影响因素(P<0.01),文化程度越高,居民健康素养水平越高。东西部存在显著差异(P<0.05),中部具有向西部连续过渡性特征。结论:促进城市化和城镇化发展,促进西部大开发,加强东中西部的交流,提高全民文化教育,是提高我国居民健康素养水平重要和有效的途径和方法。
关 键 词: 健康教育学;健康素养;影响因素;综合分析
Title: Comprehensive analysis of factors affecting the residents’ health literacy in China
Author: DU Ruiqing, XU Lin, BAI Xudong
Organization: School of Life Science and Technology, Nanyang Normal University; Guangxi Center for Disease Prevention and Control; School of Preclinical Medicine, Guangxi Medical University
Abstract: Objective: To improve Chinese residents’ health literacy by revealing the main and important factors influencing their health literacy. Methods: Based on the Chinese residents’ health literacy survey data released by the Ministry of Health in 2009, 餭2 test for frequency analysis, two sample rate test and discriminant analysis were performed to test the four indexes of health literacy, basic knowledge and concept, healthy lifestyle and behaviors as well as basic techniques from four levels of national, urban, rural, and eastern, central and western regions. Results: The health literacy level of urban residents is significantly higher than that of rural (P<0.01); age is a main factor in the rural areas (P<0.01); gender has a significant effect on the comprehensive level (P<0.01); literacy level is an important factor (P<0.01) which is the higher education level, the higher level of health literacy; there are significant differences between eastern regions and western regions (P<0.05); health literacy level of central regions has the characteristic of continuous transition to western regions. Conclusion: Important and effective ways to improve the health literacy level of Chinese residents include the acceleration of urbanization, the promotion of Large-scale Development of China’s Western Regions, the enhancement of exchanges among eastern, central and western regions, and the improvement of national literacy and education.
Key words: health education; health literacy; influential factor; comprehensive analysis
发表期数: 2015年6月第11期
引用格式: 杜瑞卿,许琳,白旭东. 影响我国居民健康素养因素的综合分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2015,8(11):1189-1196.
 
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