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厌氧发酵调节剂研究进展

发表时间:2017-06-30  浏览量:108  下载量:33
全部作者: 徐秋子,张多娇,段娜,林聪,王志强
作者单位: 中国农业大学水利与土木工程学院;农业部工程建设服务中心
摘 要: 厌氧发酵是实现废弃物资源化、无害化利用的有效方式。研究介绍了甲烷菌所需的营养物质、水解酶及水解微生物、矿物材料、中间产物和生产废渣5类厌氧发酵调节剂的调节效果及作用机理,并总结分析了国内外的研究现状。结果表明,厌氧发酵调节剂在一定程度上可以解决厌氧发酵系统存在的水解速率低、启动期长、生物降解能力差、有机质利用率低、产气慢等问题,具有较好的研发潜力和发展前景。但相关研究仍局限于实验室水平,未来的研究焦点可集中于工程应用或复合调节剂的协同效果及机理研究。
关 键 词: 沼气能;厌氧发酵;综述;调节剂;甲烷
Title: Research advance of anaerobic digestion additive
Author: XU Qiuzi, ZHANG Duojiao, DUAN Na, LIN Cong, WANG Zhiqiang
Organization: College of Water Resources & Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University; Engineering Construction Service Center of Ministry of Agriculture
Abstract: Anaerobic digestion is an effective way to realize resource recycling and innoxious treatment of wastes. In this paper, the function and mechanism of five kinds of anaerobic digestion additives, including nutrient, hydrolase and hydrolytic microorganism, mineral material, intermediate and waste residue was stated, and the current research status at home and abroad was analyzed. The results show that the additive can enhance hydrolysis rate and biodegradation rate, shorten start-up period, as well as improve biogas production. It has good application prospects. The existing studies are still on a laboratory scale and the further study may focus on engineering application or compounded regulators.
Key words: biogas energy; anaerobic digestion; review; additive; methane
发表期数: 2017年6月第12期
引用格式: 徐秋子,张多娇,段娜,等. 厌氧发酵调节剂研究进展[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2017,10(12):1287-1296.
 
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