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透析我国当前巨额外汇储备

发表时间:2008-05-15  浏览量:1719  下载量:859
全部作者: 余方升,彭润中
作者单位: 上海对外贸易学院金融管理学院
摘 要: 近几年来,我国外汇储备突飞猛进,迄今已超过1.5万亿美元。如此庞大的外汇储备规模在反映我国经济强大的同时,也带来了许多潜在的严重问题。因此,当前开展这方面的研究显得尤为重要。本文首先详细探讨了我国外汇储备激增的原因,接着分析了其负面影响,最后针对此现象提出了一些应对之策。结论认为:1) 居高不下的贸易顺差是当前外汇储备激增的最主要原因。热钱的涌入、对外直接投资(foreign direct investment,FDI)持续稳定增长、海外融资额突增及制度性因素均是造成巨额外汇储备的基本原因。2) 在当前外汇储备迅猛增长的形势下,政府在采取积极措施减少贸易顺差的同时,还要注重提高外汇储备的收益率。但最根本的措施是要鼓励外汇储备“走出去”,这是解决问题的关键。
关 键 词: 国际金融学;外汇储备;贸易顺差;“走出去”战略
Title: The analysis of huge sum of China's foreign exchange reserve
Author: YU Fangsheng, PENG Runzhong
Organization: Finance School, Shanghai Institute of Foreign Trade
Abstract: During the past few years, foreign exchange reserve increases by leaps and bounds, and is up to now already 1 500 billion U.S. dollar. The ample foreign exchange reserve scale brings about a lot of latent serious problems while reflects China�s big and powerful economy. Therefore, carrying out the research in this field is very important in current time. By probing the causes of sharp increase of foreign exchange reserve in detail firstly, and analyzing this problem�s negative influence secondly, the paper suggests many actual countermeasures at last. The conclusions Tnclude: 1) The current high trade surplus is the main reason for the sharp increase of foreign exchange reserves. The influx of hot money, FDI continued steady growth, the sudden increase of overseas financing and institutional factors are the basic reasons of huge foreign exchange reserve. 2) With the rapid growth of foreign exchange reserves in the current situation, the government need to take positive measures to reduce trade surplus, and improve the yield of foreign exchange reserves. However, the most fundamental measure is to encourage foreign exchange reserves “going out”, which is the key way to solve this problem.
Key words: international finance;foreign exchange reserve;trade surplus;“go global” strategy
发表期数: 2008年9月第9期
引用格式: 余方升,彭润中. 透析我国当前巨额外汇储备[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2008,1(9):1092-1098.
 
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