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重大突发事件下的交通评价与应急预案调用

发表时间:2008-06-30  浏览量:1973  下载量:859
全部作者: 杨帆,萧德云,李志恒
作者单位: 清华大学自动化系
摘 要: 在特大城市中,提高交通应急处理能力已经成为一个重要课题。本文针对重大突发事件下的交通应急指挥,提出了以预案为驱动、以评估为反馈的处理流程,并分析了事件检测、事件评估、预案执行、事后评价这几个环节的功能,重点介绍了事件评估所采用的风险评估方法和事后评价所采用的层次分析法。最后,以路面漏油为例分析了事件评估和预案执行的过程。
关 键 词: 系统工程;风险评估;交通应急管理;重大突发事件;应急预案
Title: Traffic assessment and plan referring for major emergent events
Author: YANG Fan, XIAO Deyun, LI Zhiheng
Organization: Department of Automation, Tsinghua University
Abstract: In very large cities, it has become an essential problem to enhance the traffic disposal ability in an emergency. Aiming at traffic dispatching in major emergency events, the disposal process, driven by emergency plan and fed back by assessment, is presented. And then the functions of four stages are analyzed, which are event detection, event assessment, plan referring and postmortem assessment. Risk assessment method used in event assessment and analytical hierarchy process used in postmortem assessment are introduced in detail. In the end, an oil leak accident on the road is taken as an example to analyze the process of event assessment and plan execution.
Key words: system engineering; risk assessment; traffic emergency management; major emergent event; emergency plan
发表期数: 2008年10月第12期
引用格式: 杨帆,萧德云,李志恒. 重大突发事件下的交通评价与应急预案调用[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2008,1(12):1322-1327.
 
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