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两种麻醉方式在几种水产动物上的应用

发表时间:2008-07-15  浏览量:1786  下载量:790
全部作者: 张伟光,赵翀,张晓雪,张锡
作者单位: 中国渔业互保协会;大连水产学院生命科学与技术学院;大连水产学院生命科学与技术学院
摘 要: 2006年10月至2007年4月,对市售规格的中国明对虾(Fenneropenaeus chinensis)、日本囊对虾(Marsupenaeus japonicus)、鲤(Cyprinus carpio)、大菱鲆(Scophthalmus maximus)、大泷六线鱼(Hexagrammos otakii)、太平洋鳕(Gadus macrocephalus)等实验材料,根据其自身特点,进行不同方式、不同程度的麻醉实验。实验分为物理方式和化学方式两部分。物理方式采用冷休克方法对中国明对虾、日本囊对虾进行麻醉实验,采用骤降盐度方法对大菱鲆、大泷六线鱼进行麻醉实验。化学方式选用目前比较常用的,且低毒害、低药物残留的三种化学麻醉剂(MS-222,Phenoxetol,CH3CH2OH)对鲤、大菱鲆、太平洋鳕、大泷六线鱼进行不同程度的麻醉实验。结果表明:上述实验方法均能使实验动物麻醉,但麻醉的深度不同,采用物理麻醉方式和乙醇试剂(CH3CH2OH)对实验动物进行麻醉时,其麻醉深度较浅,麻醉后恢复的时间相对也较快;采用MS-222和Phenoxetol两种药物对实验动物进行麻醉时,其麻醉深度较深,可进行长时间的实验操作,麻醉后恢复的时间也要长些。因而对水产动物进行麻醉时,宜根据实验设计和预达到的目的,以及水产动物自身的特点,选择合适的麻醉方式和麻醉药物。
关 键 词: 水产养殖学;麻醉;麻醉方式;水产动物
Title: The application in several aquatic animals with two anaesthetic manners
Author: ZHANG Weiguang, ZHAO Chong, ZHANG Xiaoxue, ZHANG Xi
Organization: China Fishery Mutual Insurance Association;College of Life Science and Biotechnology, Dalian Fisheries University;National Aquatic Wildlife Conservation Association,Ministry of Education
Abstract: An anaesthesia experiment on Fennerenacus chinensis, Marsupenaeus japonicus, carp (Cyprinus carpio), turbot (Scophthalmus maximus), fat greenling (Hexagrammos otakii) and Pacific cod (Gadus macrocephalus) was taken between October 2006 and April 2007, which based on different instances. The experiment included two manners which were physical and chemical. The cold shock was used in Fennerenacus chinensis and Marsupenaeus japonicus which was one of the physical manners. As the other physical manner, decreasing salinity rapidly was used in turbot and fat greenling.Three anaesthetic reagents (MS-222, Phenoxetol, CH3CH2OH) were used in carp, turbot, Pacific cod and fat greenling which were not poisonous and less rudimental. As the result, all the manners above could make the animals anaesthetic with the different anaesthetic degree. Physical manners and CH3CH2OH reagent could only anaesthetize on lower degree with shorter revival time. MS-222 and Phenoxetol could anaesthetize on higher degree with longer revival time. Different manners and different anaesthetics should be chosen based on the characteristics of different animals if the designs of experiments and purposes are different.
Key words: aquaculture; anaesthesia; manners of anaesthesia; aquatic animals
发表期数: 2008年11月第13期
引用格式: 张伟光,赵翀,张晓雪,等. 两种麻醉方式在几种水产动物上的应用[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2008,1(13):1538-1547.
 
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