您的位置:首页  > 论文页面

农业和农村产业结构政策的演变及其对农业非点源污染的影响

发表时间:2008-08-31  浏览量:1452  下载量:553
全部作者: 刘芳,沈珍瑶
作者单位: 北京师范大学环境学院,环境模拟与污染控制国家重点联合实验室
摘 要: 农业与农村经济产业结构政策是农业非点源污染状况演变的主要驱动力之一。本文主要介绍了改革开放以来农业和农村产业结构政策的演变、其目前状况及对非点源污染的作用,从农业生产结构政策、乡镇企业发展政策、农村小城镇建设政策三个方面进行了深入的分析。研究认为:20世纪80年代末以前的中国农业与农村经济政策着眼于提高产量和生产力,目的是确保粮食供应和稳定农民收入,基本上没有考虑对农业环境的影响;20世纪90年代开始,依据可持续发展的思路,加强了农业环境保护技术开发;新世纪提出了建设社会主义新农村的重大历史任务,有利于包括农业与农村非点源污染防治在内的污染防治和生态环境保护。
关 键 词: 环境科学;农业与农村产业结构政策;非点源污染;影响分析
Title: The evolvement of the agricultural and rural industrial structure policy and its impact on agricultural non-point sources pollution
Author: LIU Fang, SHEN Zhenyao
Organization: State Key Joint Laboratory of Environmental Simulation and Pollution Control, School of Environment, Beijing Normal University
Abstract: The agricultural and rural industrial structure policy is the main driving force for agricultural non-point sources pollution’s evolvement. This paper probes into the evolvement and current situation of the agricultural and rural industrial structure policy since the reform and its impact on agricultural NPS from three aspects, which are, agricultural productive structure policy, township enterprises development policy and small town developments policy. The result shows that before the late 1980s, China’s agriculture and rural economic policy was focused on improving yield and productivity and the goal was to make sure the food supply and stability of farmers’ income, basically not considered the environmental impact on agriculture. During the 1990s, according to the sustainable development of agriculture, the development of environmental protection technology was strengthened. Since 2000, the construction of the new socialist countryside becomes a major historic task, and it will benefit the pollution prevention and ecological environment protection including agricultural and rural non-point sources pollution prevention.
Key words: environmental science; agricultural and rural industrial structure policy; non-point sources pollution; impact analysis
发表期数: 2008年12月第16期
引用格式: 刘芳,沈珍瑶. 农业和农村产业结构政策的演变及其对农业非点源污染的影响[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2008,1(16):1774-1777.
 
0 评论数 0
暂无评论
友情链接