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吉林省相对资源承载力与可持续发展研究

发表时间:2008-08-31  浏览量:1428  下载量:548
全部作者: 王晨野,汤洁,李昭阳,孙立新,毛子龙
作者单位: 吉林大学环境与资源学院
摘 要: 以往资源承载力的研究成果存在一定的缺陷,采用相对资源承载力的研究思路与计算方法,计算1990年至2004年吉林省第一、二、三产业相对资源承载力和综合承载力及其变化过程。研究表明:1) 吉林省的农业对综合承载力的贡献大于工业和第三产业,说明对人口起支撑作用的主要是农业;2) 从1995年开始,吉林省的综合承载力超过实际人口数量,进入相对富余状态;3) 综合承载力在吉林省省内存在较明显的地区差异,2004年中部地区处于相对富余状态,而西部、东部地区处于相对超载状态;4) 各产业的协调发展是吉林省可持续发展战略中要重点解决的问题。
关 键 词: 环境工程学;吉林省;相对资源承载力;综合承载力;可持续发展
Title: Research on the relative resources carrying capacity and sustainable development of Jilin Province
Author: WANG Chenye, TANG Jie, LI Zhaoyang, SUN Lixin, MAO Zilong
Organization: College of Environment and Resource, Jilin University
Abstract: There were many limitations in the forepassed research on resources carrying capacity. The relative resources carrying capacity and synthetic carrying capacity of the first, second and third industry from 1990 to 2004 in Jilin Province were analyzed by adapting the train of thought and computing technology of relative resources carrying capacity. The results showed that: 1) the contributions to the synthetic carrying capacity of agriculture were greater than that of the industry and third industry, which illustrates that agriculture is the main resource which carries population; 2) the synthetic carrying capacity exceeded the real population in Jilin Province since 1995 and came to the relative enough situation; 3) the synthetic carrying capacity is different largely among the nine cities of Jilin Province, the middle part was in relative enough situation in 2004, but the west and east part were in relative overload situation; 4) it is a key problem needs to be resolved for the strategy of sustainable development in Jilin Province to realize the industrial coordinated development.
Key words: environmental engineering; Jilin Province; relative resources carrying capacity; synthetic carrying capacity; sustainable development
发表期数: 2008年12月第16期
引用格式: 王晨野,汤洁,李昭阳,等. 吉林省相对资源承载力与可持续发展研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2008,1(16):1784-1790.
 
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