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环境影响评价的科学认识与价值判断——自然科学性与社会性的复合

发表时间:2008-08-31  浏览量:1477  下载量:559
全部作者: 徐振强,张剑波
作者单位: 北京大学环境科学与工程学院,环境模拟与污染控制国家联合重点实验室
摘 要: 从国内对环境影响评价(以下简称环评)科学研究的现状出发展开论述,结合环评理论在国外的发展,在本质上把握其发展演变的轨迹,特别是亟需正视的症结,引出对环评中科学认识与价值判断的探讨。着重从理论层面对科学认识与价值判断进行认识和解读的基础上,提出将自然科学性与社会属性两者切实复合起来,即不仅需要继续在自然科学性上追求由人类的活动对环境可能造成后果的非主观认识,同时也需强化对环境影响评价的社会属性的认知与实质性落实,进而科学地将其引入到环评研究的范畴中,实现价值判断推进环评工作的重要社会功能。根据当前对环评研究的现状,提出了两者结合研究,特别是推进环境社会研究的思路与框架的建构,以便有力地促进环评理论工作的广泛展开和更为有效地推动环评实践工作。
关 键 词: 环境科学技术基础学科;环境影响评价;科学认识;价值判断;社会属性
Title: Scientific recognition and value judgment of environmental impact assessment: properties integration of natural science and society
Author: XU Zhenqiang, ZHANG Jianbo
Organization: College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control, Peking University
Abstract: The paper was outspreaded from the present-day research advancement of domestic environmental impact assessment (EIA), and meanwhile a combination with the origin of EIA theory abroad. Basically to follow its development trace, particularly to seek for the tough aspects which should be treated seriously, a discussion about scientific recognition and value judgment of EIA was introduced. On the understanding and demonstration of scientific recognition and value judgment theoretically, an assumption to combine the EIA properties of natural science and society practically was proposed, namely there is not only an urgent need to insist on pursuing the non-subjective recognition of the outcomes possibly caused by human-being activities on environment at natural science dimension, but also to strengthen the recognition of value-cored social properties and practice materially, and what’s more, make rational attempting to introduce value-cored social properties into the category of EIA study, fulfilling the important social function of value judgment to boost EIA practices. Based on the current status of EIA study, the combination research of the mentioned two aspects was brought forward, particularly, to push the thought of environmental sociology and framework construction for promoting the extensive development of EIA theory work powerfully and guiding practice work more effectively.
Key words: basic disciplines of environmental science and technology; environmental impact assessment; scientific recognition; value judgment; social property
发表期数: 2008年12月第16期
引用格式: 徐振强,张剑波. 环境影响评价的科学认识与价值判断——自然科学性与社会性的复合[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2008,1(16):1813-1821.
 
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