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建筑施工中农民工安全状况调查与分析

发表时间:2009-01-31  浏览量:1976  下载量:836
全部作者: 赵德刚,徐峰,姚怡瑞
作者单位: 上海交通大学机械与动力工程学院;上海交通大学船舶海洋与建筑工程学院
摘 要: 采用调研的方法,在上海交通大学闵行校区11处建设工地进行了问卷调查和现场访谈,分析了农民工在宣传教育、治理监督、劳动防护、责任制度、奖惩措施、工作环境和生活方面的基本情况,发现由于自身文化水平较低和企业教育培训手段枯燥,导致农民工在上岗前对必要专业知识的掌握程度较差,从而产生自我安全意识不足和盲目乐观的情绪。调查同时发现:随着工龄的增长和施工经验的丰富,农民工的安全意识反而降低了,造成他们在施工中无法很好地贯彻执行安全条例。基于调查得出结论:安全教育不能形式化,建议采用通俗易懂、深入浅出的方式来培训教育农民工;而如何提高农民工中老职工的安全意识,是摆在施工企业面前的一个新课题。
关 键 词: 建筑施工;施工安全;农民工;问卷调查
Title: The investigation and analysis of peasant workers’ safety during construction
Author: ZHAO Degang, XU Feng, YAO Yirui
Organization: School of Mechanical Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University; School of Naval Architecture, Ocean and Civil Engineering, Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Abstract: This paper surveys 11 construction sites of Minhang Campus of Shanghai Jiao Tong University using the questionnaire survey and interview methods. After analyzing the status of peasant workers in terms of education, supervision, work fencing, regulation, rewards and punishment measures, work environment and living conditions, this paper concludes that the safety consciousness of peasant workers is very low due to their weak education background and insufficient professional training. The survey also reveals that with the increase of working age and abundance of construction experience, the safety consciousness of peasant workers becomes lower instead. Finally, this paper suggests that the safety consciousness of all peasant workers should be enhanced, and the education measures of construction enterprises should be improved.
Key words: construction; construction safety; peasant workers; questionnaire study
发表期数: 2009年1月第2期
引用格式: 赵德刚,徐峰,姚怡瑞. 建筑施工中农民工安全状况调查与分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2009,2(2):158-162.
 
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