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超前回馈实验法在电磁学实验中的应用与研究

发表时间:2009-02-15  浏览量:1610  下载量:780
全部作者: 游阳明,马文娟,张春华,李方存,王金德,毛翠英,尤书才,王炳章
作者单位: 沧州学院物理与电子工程系;沧州学院学报编辑部;沧州学院机电工程系
摘 要: 根据建构主义教学思想,详细地阐述了超前回馈实验法的内容、意义和方法,指出了应用该方法时需要注意的问题。丰富和发展了超前回馈实验法的理论,使其更具有可操作性。超前回馈实验法,即超前于理论教学安排实验活动,让学生在实验过程中发现问题,在后续的理论教学中解决问题——能充分调动学生的学习热情,让他们在课前有“悬念”。超前实验法的最大优点就是为启发式互动教学提供更多的支持,让学生在有限的时间和空间内获得最大的物理、化学、生物等自然现象的信息量,使其有力地配合课堂教学。实验课中的“隐没”与理论课上的“显现”前后呼应,将实验课与理论课有机地联系在一起。经过十几年的实践,证明它确实是改革目前实验教学的一种好方法,具有较高的推广价值。
关 键 词: 电磁学;超前回馈实验法;高等教育;建构主义教学思想;启发式互动教学
Title: Study on preceding experimental teaching method and its application in electromagnetism experiments
Author: YOU Yangming, MA Wenjuan, ZHANG Chunhua, LI Fangcun, WANG Jinde, MAO Cuiying, YOU Shucai, WANG Bingzhang
Organization: Department of Physics and Electronic Engineering, Cangzhou College; Editorial Department of Journal of Cangzhou College; Department of Electromechanical Engineering, Cangzhou College
Abstract: According to the instructive theory of constructivism, this paper explains the content, significance and method of preceding experimental teaching method in details, perfects and updates its theory to make it more applicable. The preceding experimental teaching method, that is, to arrange the experimental activity ahead of teaching the theory, so that students can find problems in the course of experiment and solve them in the follow-up theory teaching, it is able to fully mobilize the enthusiasm of students and let them be full of “suspense” before the class. The biggest advantage of the preceding experimental teaching method is to provide more supports to the heuristic and interactive teaching. It enables students to get the maximum amount of information of physics, chemistry, biology and other natural phenomena within limited time and space and in turn to cooperate the classroom teaching strongly. The “hide” of experimental class and the “show” of theory teaching echo each other to make the experiment and theory class linked organically. After more than ten years of practice, it proves that the preceding experimental teaching method is indeed a good way to reform the current experimental teaching and is worthy for recommendation.
Key words: electromagnetism; the preceding experimental teaching method; higher education; the instructive theory of constructivism; heuristic and interactive teaching
发表期数: 2009年2月第3期
引用格式: 游阳明,马文娟,张春华,等. 超前回馈实验法在电磁学实验中的应用与研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2009,2(3):235-241.
 
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