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地理信息系统在水文水环境中的模拟应用进展

发表时间:2010-01-31  浏览量:2589  下载量:1177
全部作者: 罗文兵,洪林
作者单位: 武汉大学水资源与水电工程科学国家重点实验室
摘 要: 在简要概述地理信息系统(geographical information system,GIS)的基础上,介绍了GIS技术在地表水、地下水水文模拟以及水环境模拟,特别是非点源污染(non-point source pollution, NSP)等方面的应用,指出GIS在水文水环境应用方面存在的问题并进行展望。研究结果表明:随着计算机技术和信息化技术的发展,GIS可以在水文水环境模拟,特别是在NSP模拟中发挥越来越重要的作用。
关 键 词: 地理信息系统;模拟;综述;水文;水环境;应用
Title: Advances in the application of geographic information system in hydrology and water environment simulations
Author: LUO Wenbing, HONG Lin
Organization: State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University
Abstract: On the basis of a brief introduction to the geographic information system (GIS), this paper introduces the application of GIS in surface water and groundwater hydrological simulations, and water environmental simulations, especially non-point source pollution. It also points out the deficits and problems existing in the application of GIS in hydrology and water environment, and previews the development direction of the application of GIS. The results show that with the development of computer sciences and information technologies, GIS can play a more and more important role in hydrology and water environment simulations, especially in the non-point source pollution simulations.
Key words: geographic information system; simulation; reviews; hydrology; water environment; application
发表期数: 2010年1月第2期
引用格式: 罗文兵,洪林. 地理信息系统在水文水环境中的模拟应用进展[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2010,3(2):186-190.
 
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