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农业物料力学特性测试技术研究进展

发表时间:2010-09-30  浏览量:1790  下载量:669
全部作者: 郭玉明,梁莉,吴亚丽
作者单位: 山西农业大学工学院
摘 要: 就农业物料力学主要研究领域测试技术的应用和研究进展进行了简要综述。主要介绍农业土壤强度、坚实度、触变性、流变性等物理特性的测定;植物茎秆、叶、根等材料力学性质以及植物体液流变特性的试验测定;动物骨骼、器官、皮毛等材料的力学性质测定;农产品加工对象在贮运加工等环节中的相关性质,如撞击特性、流动特性、粘性、流变特性、硬度、韧度、摩擦特性等性质的试验和测定;农业散体物料(如谷物、果品、土豆、以及沙砾等)工程问题涉及的相关性质,如堆积特性、输运特性、摩擦特性、流动特性、内聚力、粘性等物料力学性质的试验测定。
关 键 词: 农业物料力学;测试技术;综述;农业土壤;植物力学性质;散体力学性质
Title: Development of agricultural material mechanical properties in the testing technology
Author: GUO Yuming, LIANG Li, WU Yali
Organization: College of Engineering, Shanxi Agricultural University
Abstract: This paper reviews the application and research progress of agricultural material mechanics’ testing technology. The paper introduces this point from the mechanical properties of five material aspects by experiment: the physical characteristics of agriculture, such as soil strength, soil hardness, thixotropy and rheology; the mechanical properties of plants, such as stems, leaves and roots of plants, and the rheological property of plant fluids; the mechanical properties of animals, such as skeleton, organ and fur skin of animals; the mechanical properties of the agricultural products processing objects in storage and processing, such as impingement characteristics, viscous, flow characteristics, rheological properties, hardness, toughness, and rubbing characteristics; the properties of granular material, such as grain, fruits, potatoes and gravel in engineering problems, which involved the filling characteristics, transport properties, friction characteristics, flow characteristics, cohesion and so on.
Key words: agricultural material mechanics; testing technology; reviews; agricultural soil; plant mechanics property; granular mechanics property
发表期数: 2010年9月第18期
引用格式: 郭玉明,梁莉,吴亚丽. 农业物料力学特性测试技术研究进展[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2010,3(18):1827-1835.
 
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