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中、外优秀女子短跑运动员年龄、身高、体重及克托莱指数特征研究分析

发表时间:2010-10-15  浏览量:1592  下载量:608
全部作者: 龙家勇,梁建平
作者单位: 西南大学体育学院
摘 要: 运用文献资料调研、数理统计、比较研究等方法,对中、外优秀女子短跑运动员的年龄、身高、体重及克托莱指数4项基本参数进行研究分析。结果表明:国内优秀100,200 m女子短跑运动员的年龄存在显著性差异(P<0.05),其余基本参数项不存在差异性(P>0.05)。国外优秀女子短跑运动员的4项基本参数都不存在差异性(P>0.05)。总体上,两者4项基本参数结构特征各自基本上符合正态分布,说明国内外优秀女子短跑运动员年龄、身高、体重及克托莱指数4个方面分别达到了较相对稳定的状态和平衡。两者之间,平均年龄存在极显著性差异(P<0.01),平均体重与克托莱指数存在显著性差异(P<0.05)。与国外相比,国内优秀女短跑运动员平均年龄略偏小,体重及克托莱指数的平均水平相对偏低。
关 键 词: 运动训练学;优秀短跑运动员;女子;年龄;身高;体重;克托莱指数
Title: Characteristics research and analysis on age, height, weight and Quetelet index of elite women sprinter between domestic and foreign athletes
Author: LONG Jiayong, LIANG Jianping
Organization: Physical Education School, Southwest University
Abstract: Through using the method of literature investigation, mathematical statistics, comparative study and so on, four basic parameters, namely the age, height, weight and Quetelet index of elite female sprinter at home and abroad were researched and analyzed. The result showed that there were significant differences (P<0.05) in age of 100, 200 meters domestic outstanding female sprinter, but no difference (P>0.05) in other basic parameters. There was no difference (P>0.05) in the four basic parameters of foreign outstanding female sprinter. Overall, the structural features of four basic parameters of both were generally in line with the normal distribution respectively, indicating that the age, height, weight and Quetelet index of elite female sprinter at home and abroad reached a more relatively stable state and balance respectively. There were a very significant difference (P<0.01) in average age and significant differences (P>0.05) in average weight and Quetelet index between domestic and foreign outstanding female sprinter, Compared with foreign ones, the average age of domestic outstanding female sprinter is a little bit smaller, average weight and Quetelet index are relatively low.
Key words: athletic training; elite sprinter; women; age; height; weight; Quetelet index
发表期数: 2010年10月第19期
引用格式: 龙家勇,梁建平. 中、外优秀女子短跑运动员年龄、身高、体重及克托莱指数特征研究分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2010,3(19):2043-2048.
 
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