您的位置:首页  > 论文页面

药用植物湖北麦冬传粉特性与其不育的关系研究

发表时间:2010-12-15  浏览量:1326  下载量:491
全部作者: 周健丘,周群,王小刚,王菁菁,陈家春
作者单位: 华中科技大学同济药学院,天然药物化学与资源评价湖北省重点实验室;中国医学科学院北京协和医学院,北京协和医院药剂科
摘 要: 对湖北麦冬的传粉特性与其不育的关系进行研究。结果表明:湖北麦冬花期为6月下旬至8月下旬,单花花期1 d,9:20左右开花,16:30左右关闭。单花花期内柱头都具有过氧化氢酶活性,开花后1~2 h柱头可授性最高。花粉计数为25 778±9 682,花粉数与胚珠比(P/O)为4 296±1 614,说明湖北麦冬为专性异交的交配系统。花期内散播出的花粉没有活力,畸形率约为95.55%. 自然状态下不存在风媒花粉流,为虫媒传粉。传粉者的传粉频率及传粉效率较低以及花粉畸形率高且没有活力是湖北麦冬不育的重要原因。
关 键 词: 生药学;湖北麦冬;传粉;花粉活力;柱头可授性;不育
Title: Study on relationship between pollination characteristic and sterility of Liriope spicata var. prolifera
Author: ZHOU Jianqiu, ZHOU Qun, WANG Xiaogang, WANG Jingjing, CHEN Jiachun
Organization: Hubei Key Laboratory of Natural Medicinal Chemistry and Resource Evaluation, Tongji School of Pharmacy, Huazhong University of Science and Technology; Pharmacy Department of Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences
Abstract: In this paper, the relationship between pollination characteristic and sterility of Liriope spicata var. prolifera was studied. The results were as follows: Duration of flowering of L. spicata var. prolifera varied from late June to late August.Anthesis of a single flower often lasted for 1 d.L. spicata var. prolifera bloomed at around 9: 20 and finished at around 16: 30. The stigma receptivity was the highest 1 to 2 hours after blooming, although stigma had catalase activity in the whole anthesis. The pollen count was 25 778±9 682. The pollen-ovule ratio, ranging from 4 296±1 614, reflected as an obligate xenogamy system. Pollen in the anthesis had no viability and their aberration rate was 95.55%. Wind pollination did not exist in this area. The flowers of this species were pollinated by insects. Besides low frequency and efficiency of pollination, the high aberration rate and debility of pollen were significant reasons of sterility of L. spicata var. prolifera.
Key words: pharmacognosy; Liriope spicata var. prolifera; pollination; pollen viability; stigma receptivity; sterility
发表期数: 2010年12月第23期
引用格式: 周健丘,周群,王小刚,等. 药用植物湖北麦冬传粉特性与其不育的关系研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2010,3(23):2421-2425.
 
0 评论数 0
暂无评论
友情链接