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人体振动生物力学响应的数学模型研究进展

发表时间:2011-02-15  浏览量:2380  下载量:1818
全部作者: 牛文鑫,樊瑜波
作者单位: 北京航空航天大学生物与医学工程学院
摘 要: 在设计生产工具、车辆和座位时,必须考虑人体共振频率,采取减振措施。文章综述了近年来关于人体振动响应的生物力学研究,并重点关注了数学模型,尤其是有限元模型研究。一方面,应重点研究人体坐姿承受振动的生物力学响应,并与工程应用密切结合;另一方面,也应该开展人体站姿和卧姿情况下的研究,增强对人体承受振动载荷的全面认识。研究人体振动响应的有限元模型一般需要全身模型,在建立大尺度模型的同时也要根据研究问题的需要将局部细化,建立更精确的模型。
关 键 词: 应用力学;人体;综述;振动;生物力学;有限元
Title: A review of the mathematical model study on human-body biomechanical response to vibration
Author: NIU Wenxin, FAN Yubo
Organization: School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University
Abstract: In this paper, studies of human body response to vibration in the latest years were reviewed, and studies of mathematical model, especially finite element model were paid more attention. On one hand, biomechanical response to vibration in sitting posture should be emphasized, and it should be associated closely with engineering application. On the other hand, studies about standing posture and lying posture should also be developed. Generally speaking, the finite element model used to analyze the human body response to vibration should be the whole body model, but it is necessary to model more precise local tissue according to the requirements of studies.
Key words: applied mechanics; human body; reviews; vibration; biomechanics; finite element method
发表期数: 2011年2月第3期
引用格式: 牛文鑫,樊瑜波. 人体振动生物力学响应的数学模型研究进展[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2011,4(3):205-214.
 
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