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矿物材料作为造纸填料的应用及改性研究进展

发表时间:2012-03-31  浏览量:1251  下载量:643
全部作者: 王力,庄春艳,刘聪,孟德芹,方杰
作者单位: 山东科技大学化学与环境工程学院
摘 要: 造纸工业的快速发展带动了植物纤维需求的增大,为降低造纸的原料成本,减少木材消耗,改善原料结构,对用作造纸填料的各种矿物材料进行了系统综述。总结了天然矿物填料、人造矿物填料、硅酸盐类填料及其他特殊填料的基本性质及其在造纸行业中的应用现状,并简要介绍各类填料的主要加工方法。针对上述填料在实际应用过程中普遍存在的与纸浆纤维结合能力差的问题,提出对矿物填料进行化学改性处理的必要性,全面介绍碳水化合物沉淀包膜改性、聚合物连结-絮聚作用改性、无机物改性及偶联剂改性等化学改性技术。最后,分析预测造纸填料的发展与工业应用前景。
关 键 词: 矿物材料;造纸填料;综述;加工方法;改性技术;发展前景
Title: Research progress on application and modification of mineral materials used as papermaking fillers
Author: WANG Li, ZHUANG Chunyan, LIU Cong, MENG Deqin, FANG Jie
Organization: College of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology
Abstract: The rapid development of papermaking industry results in an increasing demand for the plant fibers. In order to reduce the costs of raw materials, cut down the consumption of timber and optimize composition of raw materials, mineral based materials which used as papermaking fillers were systemically studied in this paper. The basic properties and application status of mineral fillers such as the natural inorganic fillers, artificial mineral based fillers, silicate fillers and the other special fillers were summarized, and the main processing methods were also briefly introduced. The necessity of chemical modification on these fillers was put forward due to the ubiquitous fact that the binding strength between mineral fillers and pulp fibers was poor. Modification technologies such as precipitation-coating modification with carbohydrates, polymer linking-flocculation modification, inorganic modification and coupling agent modification were comprehensively described in this paper. The development prospects and industry application of papermaking fillers were also predicted.
Key words: mineral materials; papermaking filler; processing method; modification technology; development prospect
发表期数: 2012年3月第6期
引用格式: 王力,庄春艳,刘聪,等. 矿物材料作为造纸填料的应用及改性研究进展[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2012,5(6):496-501.
 
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