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逻辑可能性与科学创新

发表时间:2012-05-31  浏览量:1142  下载量:518
全部作者: 叶兴浩
作者单位: 杭州电子科技大学理学院
摘 要: 为探寻科学理论创新的规律,根据历史与逻辑相统一的原则,考察了数学、物理学科发展进程中一系列与逻辑可能性有关的典型案例,揭示了旧科学经由逻辑可能判断通向新科学这一科学创新的重要途径。给出了逻辑反面可能判断和逻辑分支可能判断2种重要的科学理论创新模式,并对其原理进行阐述。通过与证伪、范式、科学革命、科学研究纲领等概念的比较,指出逻辑可能判断直击科学理论的基础,体现科学创新的核心和根本。作为对逻辑可能判断科学创新方法的初步应用,最后对物理学中的若干逻辑可能性做了简单的前瞻性探讨,期望对未来物理学的探索有所启示。
关 键 词: 科学学;科学创新;逻辑可能性;逻辑可能判断
Title: Logical possibility and scientific innovation
Author: YE Xinghao
Organization: College of Science, Hangzhou Dianzi University
Abstract: To seek the way of scientific innovation with the method of history and logic, typical cases of scientific development in mathematics and physics are investigated, an important approach to new science through logical possibility is revealed. Two key patterns of theoretic innovation are analyzed in principle: one is logical opposite extrapolation; the other is logical branch extrapolation. Compared briefly with the concepts of falsification, paradigm, scientific revolution and research programmes, it is found that the logically possible extrapolation deals directly with the foundations of a theory, and therefore represents the essence of scientific innovation. As an application, some logic possibilities which may bloom in future physics are audaciously explored.
Key words: science of science; scientific innovation; logical possibility; logically possible extrapolation
发表期数: 2012年5月第10期
引用格式: 叶兴浩. 逻辑可能性与科学创新[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2012,5(10):959-968.
 
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