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黄河三角洲孤东油田外海溢油飘散数值模拟

发表时间:2012-07-31  浏览量:1100  下载量:334
全部作者: 梁丙臣,张敬
作者单位: 中国海洋大学工程学院;中国石油大学(华东)石油工程学院
摘 要: 研究黄河三角洲东部近岸区溢油事故情况下油膜扩散输运规律。黄河三角洲地处黄河尾闾,以多沙闻名于世,且黄河河口附近为国家级生态湿地,属生态敏感区。同时,该区域也是我国著名的胜利油田所在地,附近石油工业林立,存在较大溢油事故发生的可能性。研究孤东油田东侧外海一旦有溢油事故发生在高潮时,在无风、东南风、东风及东北风,且风速为10 m/s时的溢油飘散路径,并考虑了泥沙的影响。研究发现时速10 m/s以上风的风向对油膜移动方向与距离影响较大。
关 键 词: 海洋工程;溢油;黄河三角洲;数值模拟
Title: Numerical simulation of oil spill around Gudong oilfield at Yellow Rilver Delta area
Author: LIANG Bingchen, ZHANG Jing
Organization: College of Engineering, Ocean University of China; School of Petroleum Engineering, China University of Petroleum
Abstract: The paper studies the rule of oil film diffusion when oil spill occurred near the eastern shore at Yellow River Delta area. The area is at the end of Yellow River, which is famous for the high content of sand, and there are the national level wetlands nearby, so it is a sensitive area. But the famous Shengli oilfield is also here, there are many petroleum industries, so oil spill accidents happened at a high possibility. This paper studied the oil spill path under the conditions of no wind, southeast wind, east wind and northeast wind at the speed of 10 m/s at the flood tide. The oil diffusion considers the effect of sediment. The results reveal that the direction of wind with speed higher than 10 m/s played an important role in the shift direction of oil film.
Key words: oceanographic engineering; oil spill; Yellow River Delta; numerical simulation
发表期数: 2012年7月第14期
引用格式: 梁丙臣,张敬. 黄河三角洲孤东油田外海溢油飘散数值模拟[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2012,5(14):1393-1398.
 
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