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长城之外的“长城”——卫所制度下明长城军堡

发表时间:2013-07-31  浏览量:1006  下载量:302
全部作者: 李严,李哲
作者单位: 天津大学建筑学院
摘 要: 首先介绍明长城及卫所制军事管理制度,然后对层级性军事防御体系、驻军城堡的放射状空间布局特征作重点论述,并以榆林镇和大同镇为例介绍卫所制度与层级性军事防御体系的关系。揭示卫所制的军事防御等级从高到低分为镇—路—卫—所—堡,相应的军事防御体系的驻军城堡分为镇城、路城、卫城、所城和堡城。因此,明长城军堡是保障长城防御的根本力量。
关 键 词: 建筑设计方法与理论;卫所制度;明长城;军事防御体系;军堡
Title: “Great Wall” besides the Great Wall in the Ming dynasty: the military fortress with the Weisuo system
Author: LI Yan, LI Zhe
Organization: Architecture School, Tianjin University
Abstract: This paper firstly introduced the Great Wall of Ming dynasty and Weisuo system, then discussed the rigorous military system and the radiate space position character of the fortresses in detail, and summarized the relationship of the Weisuo system and the military defense system in case of the Yulin town and the Datong town. The analysis revealed that Weisuo system was divided into layers according to the military defense grade up to down, and the order was Zhen—Lu—Wei—Suo—Bao. Accordingly, the fortresses were Zhen town, Lu town, Wei town, Suo town, and Bao town. Therefore, the military fortresses were the basic defense force for the Great Wall in Ming dynasty.
Key words: architectural design method and theory; Weisuo system; the Great Wall of Ming dynasty; military defense system; military fortress
发表期数: 2013年7月第14期
引用格式: 李严,李哲. 长城之外的“长城”——卫所制度下明长城军堡[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2013,6(14):1295-1302.
 
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