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环境压力下污染型企业区位变动的触发机制

发表时间:2013-11-15  浏览量:1108  下载量:536
全部作者: 黄耿志,薛德升
作者单位: 中山大学地理科学与规划学院
摘 要: 以广州水泥厂为案例的研究表明,企业在多重环境压力下的搬迁行为中,社区居民、媒体、人大代表、政府等力量发挥了不同作用。居民反对和媒体舆论效应增加了社会和政府施加于企业的压力,迫使企业做出环境行为响应。人大代表借助对政府的督促作用推进了企业做出搬迁决策的过程。政府在社会、政治压力与政治经济效益的驱动下,对企业搬迁实施发挥了引导、协助作用。如何有效发挥社会和政府各个层面的作用对促使企业向环境友好方向发展、落实有关环境政策、建设低碳城市具有重要意义。
关 键 词: 人文地理学;环境压力;环境响应;区位变动
Title: Mechanism of industrial relocation triggered by environmental pressures
Author: HUANG Gengzhi, XUE Desheng
Organization: School of Geography and Planning, Sun Yat-sen University
Abstract: Through the study on the case of Guangzhou Cement Corporation, this paper argues that a variety of stake-holders, such as the community residents, media institutions, municipal representative of National People�s Congress and local government, play different roles in contributing to the relocation of the polluting corporation under multiple environmental pressures. The complaint by residents and its public effect under the help of media institutions strengthen the pressures from social and offcial fields on the corporation which is forced to make environmental responses. The municipal representative plays a critical role by supervising and urging local government to carry out the relocation project. The government, with comprehensive condisration of social and political pressures and potential benefits embedded in the relocation project, plays the role of guidance and coordination in contributing to the industial relocation. The question of how to encourage different stake-holders to come into playing is therefore important for the development of environmentally friendly corporations, implementation of environmental policy and construction of the low-carbon city.
Key words: human geography; environmental pressure; environmental response; industrial relocation
发表期数: 2013年11月第21期
引用格式: 黄耿志,薛德升. 环境压力下污染型企业区位变动的触发机制[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2013,6(21):2076-2082.
 
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