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对第六次人口普查数据漏报和重报的分析及建议

发表时间:2014-01-15  浏览量:1970  下载量:886
全部作者: 张玉春,刘建平
作者单位: 暨南大学经济学院
摘 要: 利用生命表技术方法,对第五次、第六次普查数据的漏报和重报进行了分析和比较。结果表明,低龄人口出现明显漏报,16~45岁流动人口有较严重重报。分析了普查数据漏报和重报的原因——人户分离、普查员选调困难、群众配合度降低、调查研究成果滞后等。针对上述分析提出了可能改进人口普查数据重报和漏报的一些建议:流动迁移人口调查设计创新——把身份证信息纳入普查、逐步建立社区管理新模式、加大宣传力度、创新利益导向机制、调查组织机构设置和调查技术创新等。
关 键 词: 应用统计数学;人口普查;重报;流动人口漏报;对策建议
Title: Analysis and suggestion on underreporting and overreporting of China's sixth population census and countermeasures
Author: ZHANG Yuchun, LIU Jianping
Organization: College of Economics, Jinan University
Abstract: The paper uses the life table technic to analysis the data of the sixth population census and that of the fifth census. The results show that there exists underreporting in the youngest age groups. The age groups at 16-45 are overreported. Then the essay analyses the reason of underreporting and overreporting: the separate of people from his or her home, the difficulty of recruiting investigators, lack of corporation, etc. Some suggestions has been made to improve the quality of the census: making innovations in investigating floating people, creating new community managemen, strengthening the publicity, pioneering new technology, etc.
Key words: applied statistical mathematics; population census; overreporting; underreporting in floating population; countermeasures
发表期数: 2014年1月第1期
引用格式: 张玉春,刘建平. 对第六次人口普查数据漏报和重报的分析及建议[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2014,7(1):37-44.
 
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