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青海三江源国家级自然保护区通天河保护分区野生动物种类及区系分析

发表时间:2014-09-15  浏览量:1307  下载量:525
全部作者: 张营,鲍敏,李若凡,张德海,靳代缨,段培,陈振宁
作者单位: 青海师范大学生命与地理科学学院;青海省三江源国家级保护区管理局
摘 要: 三江源地区被誉为“中华水塔”,其地理位置和环境都非常特殊,为了解该地区野生动物种类及分布情况,于2012年夏季对三江源国家级保护区通天河保护分区的野生动物进行调查研究。共记录到野生动物142种,分别隶属于两栖纲1目2科4种;爬行纲1目2科2种;鸟纲13目31科104种;哺乳纲5目13科32种。古北界114种,占总记录数的80.28%;东洋界8种,占总记录数的5.63%;广布两界20种,占总记录数的14.08%. 属于湿地物种的有22种,占总记录数的15.50%. 国家Ⅰ级保护动物1种;国家Ⅱ级保护动物16种,列入《世界自然保护联盟》(the International Union for Conservation of Natuye,IUCN)红色名录的有65种。
关 键 词: 动物学;三江源;通天河;野生动物;自然保护区
Title: Study of the diversity and the fauna of wild animals in Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve Tongtian river branch of Qinghai province
Author: ZHANG Ying, BAO Min, LI Ruofan, ZHANG Dehai, JIN Daiying, DUAN Pei, CHEN Zhenning
Organization: College of Life and Geographical Science, Qinghai Normal University; Administration for Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve of Qinghai Province
Abstract: In an investigation of the diversity and the fauna of wild animals in Sanjiangyuan National Tongtian River Nature Reserve branch of Qinghai province in the summer of 2012, the following localities were surveyed: a total of 142 species were recorded, belonging to 1 order 2 families 4 species of amphibia, 1 order 2 families 2 species of reptilla, 13 orders 31 families 104 species of aves, 5 orders 13 families 32 species of mammalia. There are 114 species belong to the palearctic realm, 8 species belong to the oriental realm and the last 20 species are cosmopolitan species, 80.28%, 5.63% and 14.08% of the total species. 22 wetland species were recorded, take 15.50% of the total species. Among them, 1 species is the first class national protected animal, 16 species are the second class national protected animal, 65 species are listed in the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list.
Key words: zoology; Sanjiangyuan; Tongtian river; wild animals; nature reserve
发表期数: 2014年9月第17期
引用格式: 张营,鲍敏,李若凡,等. 青海三江源国家级自然保护区通天河保护分区野生动物种类及区系分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2014,7(17):1757-1763.
 
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