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沿海水域生态修复研究进展

发表时间:2015-12-31  浏览量:1996  下载量:778
全部作者: 高强,苟露峰,高乐华
作者单位: 中国海洋大学管理学院;中国海洋大学文学与新闻传播学院
摘 要: 受人类活动和气候变化的影响,沿海水域的生态系统受到了严重破坏,海洋生物资源衰竭已成为最重要的海洋生态环境问题,威胁到沿海经济的可持续发展。针对沿海生态系统面临的严峻问题,综述了基于植物、微生物以及生物工程技术在海域生态修复研究进展,探讨了这些技术措施存在的问题与不足。同时指出,在充分利用海洋的自我修复能力的基础上,应采取强化整治、修复和其他人工工程措施,加速海洋生态系统功能的恢复。最后,对沿海水域生态修复技术的发展趋势做出了展望。
关 键 词: 环境生态学;沿海水域;综述;生态修复;微生物;植物
Title: Research progress on ecological remediation of coastal waters
Author: GAO Qiang,GOU Lufeng,GAO Lehua
Organization: Management College, Ocean University of China; Literature and Journalism College, Ocean University of China
Abstract: Affected by human activities and climate change, coastal waters ecosystems have been seriously damaged. The exhaustion of marine biological resources has become the most important marine ecological problems, threatening the sustainable development of coastal economic issues. For acute problems faced by coastal ecosystems, this paper reviewed the marine ecological restoration research progress in plant, micro-organisms and biotechnology, discussed the existing problems and shortcomings of these measures. At the same time, this paper pointed out that, on the basis of full use of ocean self-repair capability, we should strengthen remediation, restoration and other artificial engineering measures to accelerate the recovery of the marine ecosystem functions. Finally, we made outlook for trends of coastal waters ecological restoration technology.
Key words: environmental ecology; coastal waters; review; ecological remediation; micro-organism; plant
发表期数: 2015年12月第24期
引用格式: 高强,苟露峰,高乐华. 沿海水域生态修复研究进展[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2015,8(24):2522-2529.
 
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