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驾驶员危险知觉测试及其信效度分析

发表时间:2016-04-30  浏览量:1845  下载量:854
全部作者: 孙龙,常若松,李爽
作者单位: 辽宁师范大学心理学院
摘 要: 为开发基于动态交通视频的驾驶员危险知觉测试(hazard perception tset,HPT),将反应时方法和眼动相结合,使用Tobbi T120眼动仪呈现75个从驾驶员的视角拍摄的动态交通视频(50个视频包含危险)对152名驾驶员进行试验。结果表明:最终测试由26个视频组成。测试的内部一致性信度为0.903,对不同驾驶经验驾驶员的整体分类准确性为82.7%. 眼动数据分析进一步验证了测试的有效性。驾驶员对危险兴趣区的首次注视时间越快,总注视时间越长,他们对危险的反应越快。总体来说,驾驶员HPT的信效度较好,适合用于测量我国驾驶员的危险知觉能力。
关 键 词: 安全心理学;危险知觉;眼动;危险知觉测试;动态交通视频
Title: Hazard perception test and analysis on its reliability and validity of driver
Author: SUN Long, CHANG Ruosong, LI Shuang
Organization: School of Psychology, Liaoning Normal Universtiy,
Abstract: In order to develop a hazard perception test (HPT) for Chinese driver by using dynamic traffic video, we tested 152 drivers by combining reaction time method and eye movement method. 75 dynamic traffic videos shooting from the drivers’ view, among which 50 videos contained a latent hazard, were showed by Tobbi T120 eye tracker. The final test contained 26 video clips. Results showed that the reliability of the test (Cronbach’s α) was 0.903. The overall classification accuracy of the test was 82.7%. Further analysis of eye movement data verified the validity of the test. If drivers took less time to first fixate hazards and dwelled more time on them, they could response to hazards quicker. Therefore, the reliability and validity of HPT was well and it suited for assessing Chinese drivers’ hazard perception ability.
Key words: safety psychology; hazard perception; eye movements; hazard perception test; dynamic traffic video
发表期数: 2016年4月第8期
引用格式: 孙龙,常若松,李爽. 驾驶员危险知觉测试及其信效度分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2016,9(8):863-867.
 
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