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UrbanSim新进展及在中国应用的建议

发表时间:2016-07-31  浏览量:1530  下载量:705
全部作者: 徐秋蓉,郑新奇
作者单位: 中国地质大学(北京)信息工程学院
摘 要: 由于大数据时代的出现,开展城市模型或城市研究成为了一种趋势。城市模型是在对城市系统进行抽象和概化的基础上,对城市模型是能理解城市空间现象变化,并对城市系统进行科学管理和规划的重要工具,它为城市政策的有效执行以及规划者对城市规划方案的制订和评估提供了可靠的技术支持。本文关注国外一种微观模拟的大尺度城市模拟系统UrbanSim,该系统不仅在分析单元和建模技术上有很好的优势,还加入了大量数据方法,引入了经济学原理,其分析、处理问题的思想有很多可借鉴之处。这里主要介绍该模型设计思想的发展、模型组成、建模方法,并结合国外研究及国内现有研究基础,总结了模型的主要优势以及我国运用方面存在的问题,并针对这些问题提出了建议,以便于为我国城市发展模拟研究提供借鉴。
关 键 词: 地图制图学与地理信息工程;UrbanSim;综述;城市模型;中国化
Title: UrbanSim’s new progress and suggestions about its application in China
Author: XU Qiurong, ZHENG Xinqi
Organization: School of Information Engineering, China University of Geosciences
Abstract: Urban model is an abstract mathematical expression of the process and the phenomenon of urban space on the basis of abstraction and generalization in urban system. It is also an important tool for understanding urban space change and scientific management and planning about urban system. And it can provide feasible technical support for urban policy execution and the formulation and evaluation of urban planning. This paper mainly introduces a urban mirco-simulation system of large scale-UrbanSim. The system not only takes advantage of unit and modeling technology, but also includes large amounts of data methods and principles of economics, which are worth of learning. This paper mainly describes the model design, model composition and key modeling methods, and summarizes the characteristics and advantages of this model. This review provides a reference for urban growth simulation research in China, which will be meaningful and helpful for promoting related research from another point of view.
Key words: cartography and geographic information engineering; UrbanSim; review; urban model; chinization
发表期数: 2016年7月第14期
引用格式: 徐秋蓉,郑新奇. UrbanSim新进展及在中国应用的建议[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2016,9(14):1386-1394.
 
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