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不同生物有机肥品种、施用量及施用方法对压砂地西瓜生长及产量的影响

发表时间:2017-02-16  浏览量:1302  下载量:280
全部作者: 谭军利,王西娜,田军仓,李应海
作者单位: 宁夏大学土木与水利工程学院;宁夏节水灌溉与水资源调控工程技术研究中心;宁夏大学农学院
摘 要: 为探讨在压砂地上合理施用生物有机肥技术,通过三因素三水平的田间正交试验研究生物有机肥品种、施用量和施用方法对压砂地西瓜生长、产量、品质和水分利用效率的影响。结果表明,增施生物有机肥可以促进西瓜生长,而生物有机肥品种之间则无显著差异。施肥方法对西瓜产量、瓜周可溶性固形物含量和水分利用效率有较大的影响,而生物有机肥品种则对瓜心可溶性固形物含量有显著影响。通过极差分析和方差分析,得到压砂地西瓜生物有机肥的最优施用技术模式,即D肥(EM发酵+三色源菌剂)+80 kg/667 m2+穴施。
关 键 词: 植物营养学;生物有机肥;西瓜;压砂地
Title: Effects of bio-organic fertilizer type, amount and method of application on watermelon growth and yield in the gravel-mulched field
Author: TAN Junli, WANG Xina, TIAN Juncang, LI Yinghai
Organization: School of Civil Engineering and Water Conservancy, Ningxia University; Engineering and Technology Research Center of Water-saving and Water Resource Regulation in Ningxia; School of Agriculture, Ningxia University
Abstract: An orthogonal field experiment was carried out to study the effects of bio-organic fertilizer type, amount and method of application on growth, fruit yield, fruit quality and water use efficiency of watermelon in order to investigate a reasonable application technology of bio-organic fertilizer in the gravel-mulched field. Results showed that there was no significant difference among different bio-organic fertilizers, however increasing amount of application could improve growth of watermelon. Application methods had a greater impact on fruit yield, soluble solids content in the edge and water use efficiency than others. But there was significant effect of bio-organic fertilizer type on soluble solids content in the center of fruit. The optimal application technology model of bio-organic fertilizer in gravel-mulched field was obtained from this research through range and anova analysis. This model is D bio-organic fertilizer (EM fermented+Sanseyuan inocula) + 80 kg/667 m2 + hole application.
Key words: plant nutrition; bio-organic fertilizer; watermelon; gravel-mulched field
发表期数: 2017年2月第3期
引用格式: 谭军利,王西娜,田军仓,等. 不同生物有机肥品种、施用量及施用方法对压砂地西瓜生长及产量的影响[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2017,10(3):307-314.
 
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