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临夏市学龄少数民族儿童患龋情况及相关因素调查分析

发表时间:2017-12-15  浏览量:842  下载量:99
全部作者: 马彬,康宏,李志强,包广洁
作者单位: 兰州大学口腔医学院;西北民族大学口腔医学院
摘 要: 目的:调查临夏市学龄儿童龋病的发病情况,并探析龋病相关发病因素与儿童患龋状况的关系。方法:按照整群随机抽样方法,对照第三次全国口腔健康流行病学调查标准和方法对儿童进行龋病检查和自制问卷调查。结果:临夏市学龄儿童平均患龋率为58.62%;学龄儿童每天1次的刷牙率为46.28%,每天2次以上的刷牙率仅为25.41%,含氟牙膏使用率为23.14%;甜点心及糖果的每天食用率为15.08%,每周食用率为40.08%,每月2~6次的食用率为27.07%,17.77%的儿童很少或从不食用甜食、饮用咖啡、茶或奶类。结论:临夏市学龄儿童患龋率高,口腔卫生行为不足,家长口腔保健知识认知情况不理想,应加强口腔健康保健知识宣传,开展口腔健康教育项目,提高家长口腔健康知识的认知水平,促使儿童养成健康的口腔习惯。
关 键 词: 口腔医学;少数民族儿童;口腔健康;龋病;健康教育
Title: Dental caries disease situation of school-age minority children in Linxia city and related factors analysis
Author: MA Bin, KANG Hong, LI Zhiqiang, BAO Guangjie
Organization: School of Stomatology, Lanzhou University; School of Stomatology, Northwest Minzu University
Abstract: Objective: To investigate the incidence of dental caries disease in school-age children in Linxia city and to explore the relationship between dental caries-related morbidity and pediatric dental caries status. Methods: According to the random sampling method, the children were examined by dental caries and homemade questionnaire according to the standard and method of the third national oral health epidemiology. Results: The average rate of dental caries is 58.62% in school-age children in Linxia city, the rate of brushing once a day is 46.28%, the rate of brushing twice or more a day is only 25.41%, the rate of using fluoride toothpaste is 23.14%, the daily consumption rate of dessert and candy is 15.08%, the weekly edible rate is 40.08%, the consumption rate 2-6 times a month is 27.07%, and 17.77% of the children rarely or never eat sweets, drink coffee, tea or milk. Conclusion: The prevalence of dental hygiene is high and the oral hygiene behavior is not satisfactory. The oral health knowledge of parents is not ideal. The oral health education knowledge should be strengthened, the oral health education project should be carried out, and the awareness level of oral health knowledge should be improved, to promote children to develop healthy oral habits.
Key words: stomatology; minority children; oral health; dental caries disease; health education
发表期数: 2017年12月第23期
引用格式: 马彬,康宏,李志强,等. 临夏市学龄少数民族儿童患龋情况及相关因素调查分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2017,10(23):2608-2612.
 
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