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油页岩有机结构分析方法综述

发表时间:2018-06-29  浏览量:270  下载量:50
全部作者: 王彩红,姜哲
作者单位: 中国矿业大学(北京)化学与环境工程学院
摘 要: 针对油页岩有机结构的特点(成分复杂和地域差异性大等),介绍了国内外有关油页岩有机结构的研究进展及方法,对溶剂萃取法、热解法、氧化法及其结合相关仪器的表征手段应用于油页岩有机结构研究中所取得的成果及优缺点进行综述和比较。油页岩有机结构复杂,单一的试验方法或仪器表征手段不能有效地反映油页岩的分子结构信息,因此需要将多种分析方法与先进的仪器表征手段有机结合,开发油页岩有机结构研究的新途径,建立一个适用于不同地域油页岩的基础结构模型,从而加深对油页岩分子结构的认识和拓展相应的工业应用,为油页岩的结构研究提供理论支持。
关 键 词: 能源化学;油页岩;综述;有机结构;溶剂萃取;热解
Title: Review of organic structure analysis methods of oil shale
Author: WANG Caihong, JIANG Zhe
Organization: School of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Beijing
Abstract: According to the organic structure features (complex composition, big regional difference and others) of the oil shale, this paper summarized the advances in the organic structure of oil shale research at home and abroad, and then had an explanation of achievements, advantages and disadvantages and comparison on the methods of solvent extraction, pyrolysis and oxidation combined with related instrument characterization techniques and mainly used for the organic structure analysis of oil shale. Oil shale organic structure is complex, and using a single experimental method or instrument characterization method cannot effectively reflect the molecular structure information. Therefore, it is necessary to combine various analytical ways with advanced instrument characterization methods, and to carry out a new approach for the study of oil shale organic structure, and then to establish an infrastructure model for oil shale in different regions. The main purpose is to improve the understanding of the molecular structure of oil shale and the corresponding industrial applications and provide theoretical support for the development for oil shale structure research.
Key words: energy chemistry; oil shale; review; organic structure; solvent extraction; pyrolysis
发表期数: 2018年6月第12期
引用格式: 王彩红,姜哲. 油页岩有机结构分析方法综述[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2018,11(12):1158-1168.
 
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