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基于区块链和边缘计算的共享单车系统模型研究

发表时间:2018-08-31  浏览量:246  下载量:71
全部作者: 童宁,唐欢容,欧阳建权
作者单位: 湘潭大学信息工程学院;湘潭大学智能计算与信息处理教育部重点实验室
摘 要: 为减缓云端服务器对共享单车用户实时请求的处理压力,并对用户用车行为数据进行安全、有效的监管,规范用户用车停车,提出一种基于区块链和边缘计算的共享单车系统。结合用户使用的共享单车App,将用户用车数据放在边缘端的节点服务器中分析和处理,如计时、计费、奖励、分析用户行为特征等,同时将数据和处理结果记录在节点服务器上的区块链中——一个不可篡改、按时间戳记录、可追溯的分布式链式数据库,仅将必要的结果传送到云服务器端进行下一步使用。这样不仅能加快对用户的实时响应,还能保证对用户用车信息的安全存储。实验分析验证了本模型的可行性及基于区块链和边缘计算的共享单车系统数据分析与处理模式的可靠性。
关 键 词: 计算机应用;网络安全;边缘计算;区块链;共享单车;数据安全存储
Title: Research on bicycle sharing system model based on blockchain and edge-computing
Author: TONG Ning, TANG Huanrong, OUYANG Jianquan
Organization: College of Information Engineering, Xiangtan University; Key Laboratory of Intelligent Computing and Information Processing, Ministry of Education, Xiangtan University
Abstract: In order to alleviate the cloud servers’ pressure of processing bicycle sharing users’ real-time requests, supervise users’ cycling data safely and effectively, and standardize parking for users, this paper proposes a bicycle sharing system based on blockchain and edge-computing. Combined with the current bicycle sharing application, the proposed system analyzes and processes vehicling data by node servers, such as calculating time and bills, recording rewarding data and analyzing the characteristics of users’ behaviors, meanwhile records the data and process result in the blockchain, which is a non-disruptive, time-stamped, traceable and distributed chain database. Then only the necessary results are delivered to the cloud servers for further using. Not only does it speed up responsing the real-time requests, but also ensures the secure storage of vehicle information for users. Experimental analysis clarifies the feasibility of the proposal and reliability of data analysis and processing mode of the bicycle sharing system based on blockchain and edge-computing.
Key words: computer applications; internet security; edge-computing; blockchain; bicycle sharing; secure storage of data
发表期数: 2018年8月第16期
引用格式: 童宁,唐欢容,欧阳建权. 基于区块链和边缘计算的共享单车系统模型研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2018,11(16):1633-1642.
 
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