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本质主义视野下人的本质维度人格理论研究

发表时间:2018-11-15  浏览量:663  下载量:80
全部作者: 黄微
作者单位: 内蒙古师范大学教育科学学院
摘 要: 人格心理学发展至今,面临的最大问题之一是不能解释人在社会实践上的差异。基于这些考虑,本质人格理论首先将人的创造性智力本质和人性问题纳入心理学的研究范围,并在智力矢量化发展的理论基础上,在人的本质维度连续体模型上区分出四类不同的基本人格类型。四种基本人格类型的划分是识别人类文明进程中建设性力量和破坏性力量的出发点。其次,本质人格理论用连续体模型划分人格类型,不仅符合现代范畴学的分类思想,也蕴含着人格具有发展性、变化性的思想。人格的这种发展性和变化性特征也同时意味着在本质人格理论的视角下,人格具有软人格和硬人格之分。人格的区分不再是单一的离散类别,而是连续变量上的测量差异,这种测量差异既可以是离散的差异,也可以是连续的差异,即离散差异与连续差异并存。再次,本质人格理论将心理学的学科任务和目的从较低的个体及群体生活效用层面提升到了较高的社会实践效用层面,使心理学从单纯关注生活效用中的象牙塔片段的范式,转向了对真实生活效用和社会实践效用并重的范式。最后,本质人格理论不拘泥于如何提高个体创造性的研究,而是将创造性智力作为一种稳定的人格维度,将其作为划分人格本质的标准。对创造性智力研究的这一转向,为心理学研究关联社会实践找到了一条新的途径。
关 键 词: 人格心理学;本质人格理论;人的本质;人格类型;智力;软、硬人格
Title: Study on personality theory of human nature dimension from the perspective of essentialism
Author: HUANG Wei
Organization: School of Education and Science, Inner Mongolia Normal University
Abstract: Up to now, one of the biggest problems of personality psychology is that it cannot explain individuals’ contribution differences in social practice. Based on these considerations, firstly, the essence personality theory (EPT) claims the creative intelligence of human beings and human nature to be the scope of psychological study, and based on the theory of intelligence vectorizational development, four typical personality types are classified on the creative intelligence continuum dimension. The taxonomy of four basic personality types is a starting point to identify constructive strengths and destructive evils in the progress of human civilization. Secondly, by using the continuum model to divide personality types, this taxonomic method of EPT not only conforms to the principle of modern category theory, but also implicates a possible development and changeability of personality. In terms of the EPT’s perspectives, the fact that personality has the developmental and changeable characteristics also implicates that personality can be classified into soft personality and hard personality. The differentiation between personalities, therefore, is no longer only a discrete category, but also a measuring differences on a continuous variable, that is, the continuum model of EPT highlights coexistence of both discrete and continuum differentiation of personality. Thirdly, EPT enhances the level of psychological task and objective from the low one with just individual or cohort life meaning to a higher one with social development significance, and transfers psychology from the paradigm of paying attention only to the ivory tower fragments in the mental activities of life utility into the paradigm of paying equal attention to the mental activities of real life utility and the social practice utility. Finally, EPT does not rigidly adhere to study on how to improve individuals’ creativity. Instead, it turns to take creativity as a stable personality trait furthermore, as a standard of dividing personalities. This conversion of creative intelligence research finds out a new dimension for personality studies and a new approach for connecting psychology study and social practice.
Key words: personality psychology; essence personality theory; human nature; personality type; intelligence; soft and hard personality
发表期数: 2018年11月第21期
引用格式: 黄微. 本质主义视野下人的本质维度人格理论研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2018,11(21):2192-2201.
 
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