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河南省高等级旅游景区空间结构分析

发表时间:2019-03-22  浏览量:390  下载量:28
全部作者: 乔宇锋,王晓文
作者单位: 福建师范大学地理科学学院
摘 要: 运用数据分析和ArcGIS空间分析方法,以集聚度、连接度和通达度为核心对河南省不同区域的142个高等级旅游景区进行分析。结果显示:河南省高等级旅游景区空间上呈现显著聚类分布,黄河沿岸的郑汴洛三门峡,豫西、豫南、豫中交界处的伏牛山脉,豫北的太行山脉、安阳为高密度区;α指数=0.343,β指数=1.648,γ指数=0.565,说明全省旅游网络回路性较差,连通性一般,呈简单环网状。豫西、豫北旅游网络密度最差;通达度指数的平均值为270.011 km,通达性较好的区域全部位于豫中,通达性较差的区域大多位于豫西和豫南。紧密度指数为0.755,全省紧凑程度处于中上等,为发展交通、提高旅游网络的通达性提供了良好的先天条件。
关 键 词: 地理学;空间结构;空间分析;旅游景区
Title: Analysis of spatial structure of high-grade tourist attractions in Henan province
Author: QIAO Yufeng, WANG Xiaowen
Organization: School of Geographical Sciences, Fujian Normal University
Abstract: Using mathematical statistics and ArcGIS spatial analysis methods, the analysis of 142 high-grade tourist attractions in different regions of Henan province based on the degree of agglomeration, connectivity and accessibility, shows that the high-grade tourist attractions in Henan province have a significant cluster distribution, high density areas are the following areas: Zhengzhou, Luoyang, Kaifeng, Sanmenxia along the Yellow river, the Funiu Mountain at the junction of central, western and southern Henan, the Taihang mountainan and Anyang in northern Henan; the alpha index is 0.343, the beta index is 1.648, and the gamma index is 0.565, indicating that the tourism network of Henan province is poorly circuitous and has a poor connectivity, and it is a simple ring network. The density of tourism network in western and northern Henan is the worst; the average accessibility index is 270.011 km. The areas with good accessibility are concentrated in the central of Henan. Most of the areas with poor accessibility are located in the west and south of Henan. The tightness index is 0.755. The degree of compactness in the province is in the middle and upper grade, providing good congenital conditions for the development of transportation to improve the accessibility of the tourism network.
Key words: geography; spatial structure; space analysis; tourist attractions
发表期数: 2019年2月第1期
引用格式: 乔宇锋,王晓文. 河南省高等级旅游景区空间结构分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2019,12(1):175-183.
 
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