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生产性服务业发展的国际比较

发表时间:2019-08-30  浏览量:206  下载量:25
全部作者: 刘新建
作者单位: 燕山大学经济管理学院
摘 要: 本文根据严格的生产性服务业定义,设计了将生产性服务业与其他服务业分离的生产性服务业投入产出表的编制方法,并以之改编了美、德、法、意、俄、中、印七国2014年的投入产出表,进行了国际经济比较分析。研究发现:1)一个普遍性规律是,发达经济的中间投入中生产性服务业产品占比显著高于中国等发展中经济;2)中国的生产性服务业增加值在国内生产总值(gross domestic product,GDP)中的占比与发达经济体接近,显著高于印度;3)各经济体生产性服务业的增加值率差异不大;4)各类经济体生产性服务业产品在服务业即第三产业的中间投入中占比显著高于第二产业;5)印度生产性服务业产品在中间投入中的占比高于中国,增加值率除工业部门外也显著高于中国;6)生产性服务业增加值占发达经济体GDP的大约三分之一。
关 键 词: 应用数学;生产性服务业;投入产出;国际经济比较
Title: International comparison of the development in producer service industry
Author: LIU Xinjian
Organization: School of Economics and Management, Yanshan University
Abstract: According to the strict definition of the producer service industry, a preparation method of producer service industry input-output table is designed in this paper, which separates the producer service industry from other services. Then the 2014 input-output table of seven countries of the United States, Germany, France, Italy, Russia, China and India is adapted. And an international comparative analysis of these economies is implemented. It is discovered that 1) A universal law is that the proportion of producer service products in the intermediate input of developed economy is significantly higher than that of China and other developing economies; 2) The proportion of the added value of the producer service industry in gross domestic product (GDP) of China is close to that of the developed economies, and is significantly higher than that of India; 3) There is little difference in the value-added rates of the producer service industry of all economies; 4) The proportion of producer service products of all economies in the intermediate input of service industry, namely tertiary industry, is significantly higher than that of secondary industry; 5) The proportion of producer service products in intermediate input in India is higher than that in China, and the value-added rate is significantly higher than that in China except in the industrial sector; 6) The added value of producer service industry takes up one third of GDP of the main developed economies.
Key words: applied mathematics; producer service; input-output; internationally economic comparison
发表期数: 2019年8月第4期
引用格式: 刘新建. 生产性服务业发展的国际比较[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2019,12(4):569-578.
 
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