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基于层次分析法的运营车辆驾驶疲劳 影响因素分析

发表时间:2020-07-01  浏览量:175  下载量:20
全部作者: 张会,张春
作者单位: 辽宁工程技术大学安全科学与工程学院,矿山热动力灾害与防治教育部重点实验室
摘 要: 为分析各因素对运营车辆驾驶员疲劳的影响程度,本文采用层次分析法对驾驶疲劳影响因素进行研究。从安全人机工程学的角度构建了人-机-环-管系统,通过对驾驶疲劳产生过程的分析,给出了影响驾驶疲劳的主要因素;采用层次分析法,对各影响因素进行了层次划分,计算了不同层次驾驶疲劳影响因素的影响权重,依据计算结果对各因素进行了影响重要度排序,并给出了具有针对性的预防运营车辆驾驶疲劳的措施。研究结果表明:准则层中的安全管理对运营车辆驾驶疲劳影响较大;指标层中对运营车辆驾驶疲劳影响最大的五个因素为温度湿度、驾驶时间、自我管理、气候条件、座椅舒服度。
关 键 词: 安全学;安全人机工程;疲劳驾驶;人-机-环-管系统;层次分析法
Title: Analysis of factors affecting driving fatigue of operating vehicles based on analytic hierarchy process
Author: ZHANG Hui, ZHANG Chun
Organization: Key Laboratory of Mine Thermo-motive Disaster and Prevention, Ministry of Education, College of Safety Science and Engineering, Liaoning Technical University
Abstract: In order to analyze the influence of various factors on the fatigue of operating vehicle drivers, analytic hierarchy process is used to study the factors affecting driving fatigue in this paper. The human-vehicle-environment-management system is constructed from the perspective of safety ergonomics. Through the analysis on the generation process of the driving fatigue, the main factors affecting driving fatigue are given. The analytic hierarchy process is used to divide the influencing factors into different levels. Then the influence weights of the driving factors of different levels in driving fatigue are calculated. According to the calculation results, the importance ranking of each factor is ranked, and the targeted measures to prevent driving fatigue of the operating vehicles are given. The research results show that the safety management in the criterion layer has a great influence on the driving fatigue of the operating vehicle; the five factors that have the greatest impact on the driving fatigue of the operating vehicle in the index layer are temperature and humidity, driving time, self-management, climatic conditions, and seat comfort.
Key words: safety science; safety ergonomics; fatigue driving; human-vehicle-environment-management system; analytic hierarchy process
发表期数: 2020年6月第2期
引用格式: 张会,张春. 基于层次分析法的运营车辆驾驶疲劳 影响因素分析[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2020,13(2):227-233.
 
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