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针对敏感问题调查的随机化问答技术研究

发表时间:2021-12-31  浏览量:214  下载量:24
全部作者: 曾芷姗,胡赛雨,张明月,魏婧蓉,符欲所,吴汇辞
作者单位: 辽宁工程技术大学电子与信息工程学院
摘 要: 调查者利用随机化问答技术进行调查问卷设计,用一个已知答案比例的问题代替敏感问题,并采用无关问题作陪,通过抛硬币和掷骰子两种方式进行回答敏感问题和无关问题的选择,从而使被调查者对敏感问题进行回答的答案无法被他人得知,以此来提高对敏感问题调查结果的准确度。本文通过对数据进行分析和卡方检验,得到以下结论:1)被调查者的性别、调查问卷的导语类型、作答区域的底纹颜色、采用道具作答的先后顺序对随机化问答技术的准确度均影响不显著;2)调查问卷类型对是否意识到调查者无法得知回答的是哪道问题、将问题一替换为敏感问题时是否如实回答均影响不显著,被调查者是否意识到和是否如实回答的先后顺序对是否如实回答的影响不显著;3)被调查者性别对将问题一替换为敏感问题时是否如实回答影响显著;4)不同学校学生对于敏感问题的认定存在差异;5)教室内统一调查方式下被调查者的积极性相对较高。本研究可为以后采用随机化问答技术进行问卷设计提供借鉴。
关 键 词: 应用统计数学;敏感问题;随机化问答技术;卡方检验;随机化调查模型
Title: Randomized response technique for investigation of sensitive questions
Author: ZENG Zhishan, HU Saiyu, ZHANG Mingyue, WEI Jingrong, FU Yusuo, WU Huici
Organization: School of Electronic and Information Engineering, Liaoning Technical University
Abstract: The randomized response techique was used to design the questionnaire. The sensitive question was replaced with the question with a known answer proportion and accompanied with an irrelevant question. The choice between answering sensitive and irrelevant questions was made by tossing a coin and throwing a dice. In this way, the answers of the respondents to the sensitive questions are unknown to others, so as to improve the accuracy of the results of the investigation on the sensitive questions. Through data analysis and chi-square test, the following conclusions are drawn. 1) The gender of respondents, the types of introductions, the shading color of response area and the order of using props have no significant influence on the accuracy of the results of the randomized response techique. 2) The types of questionnaires have no significant influence on whether the respondents realize that the investigators are unable to know which question is answered and whether they answer truthfully when the first question is replaced with a sensitive question. And the order of whether the respondents realize and whether they answer truthfully has no effect on whether they answer truthfully. 3) The gender of the respondents has a significant influence on whether they answer truthfully when the first question is replaced with a sensitive question. 4) Differences in the identification of sensitive question among students from different schools are exist. 5) The enthusiasm of the respondents is relatively high in the unified classroom survey. The study can provide reference for the future questionnaire design using randomized response techique.
Key words: applied statistical mathematics; sensitive question; randomized response techique; chi-square test; randomized investigation model
发表期数: 2021年12月第4期
引用格式: 曾芷姗,胡赛雨,张明月,等. 针对敏感问题调查的随机化问答技术研究[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2021,14(4):468-477.
 
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