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金矿开采对内蒙西部草原水土保持的影响及保护措施

发表时间:2015-12-31  浏览量:1926  下载量:588
全部作者: 李仙波,郭学茹,左锐,王膑,刘丽
作者单位: 北京师范大学水科学研究院, 地下水污染控制与修复教育部工程研究中心
摘 要: 巴彦淖尔市乌拉特前旗是我国典型荒漠生态脆弱区,当地工矿企业开发加剧了区域水土流失。研究以当地某金矿开采活动为例,在分析水土流失现状的条件下,确定矿区水土流失成因和金矿开采对区域水土保持的影响及危害,并针对性地制定了水土保持工程措施和植被措施,包括边坡防护、截排水沟、挡水围堰、表土剥离及绿化区覆土整治等,实现了金矿开发的生态效益与经济效益的协调发展。
关 键 词: 环境保护工程; 水土保持;生态脆弱区;金矿开采
Title: Gold mining influence on soil and water conservation in western Inner Mongolia grassland
Author: LI Xianbo, GUO Xueru, ZUO Rui, WANG Bin, LIU Li
Organization: Engineering Research Center of Groundwater Pollution Control and Remediation, Ministry of Education, College of Water Sciences, Beijing Normal University
Abstract: Urad front banner in Bayannaoer city is a typical desert ecological fragile area with serious soil and water loss due to the mining activities. Based on a local gold mine as an example, under the background of soil and water loss, causes of soil and water loss in the mining area are analyzed. Meanwhile, the effects and harms of gold mining on regional soil and water conservation are determined. Then, this paper establishes reasonable and comprehensive soil and water conservation engineering measures and vegetation measures for achieving coordinated development of ecological benefits and economic benefits of gold mining.
Key words: environmental protection engineering; soil and water conservation; ecological fragile area; gold mining
发表期数: 2015年12月第24期
引用格式: 李仙波,郭学茹,左锐,等. 金矿开采对内蒙西部草原水土保持的影响及保护措施[J]. 中国科技论文在线精品论文,2015,8(24):2570-2577.
 
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